5. THE VATICAN MUSEUMS AND SISTINE CHAPEL
The Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel were first established in 1506 and they hold incredible permanent collections from the likes of Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Raphael, Bernini, Rosselli and Botticelli etc. If you happen to visit, make sure you see the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. You will see the nine scenes from the Book of Genesis by Michelangelo. You will also see what was created in 1511, The Creation of Adam. It is truly a site to behold. Remember, just looking at the exterior of some building isn’t worth it; it is when you step inside when the magic happens.
4. ST. PETER’S BASILICA AND THE VATICAN
It is basically a church and is called ‘Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano’ in Italy. It has the largest interiors of any Christian Church in the world. It is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites in the world as well and is said to hold a unique position in the Christian world. It is also referred to as ‘the greatest of all churches of Christendom’. The central dome of this place dominates the skyline of Rome. It is a beautiful place to visit whether or not you are of the same faith.
During the ancient times, it used to serve as a temple to all the Gods and it happens to be one of the best preserved ancient structures in all of Rome. The building is still in use and has been since the seventh century. Now it is a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs. It is also known as ‘Santa Maria della Rotonda. There is a square in front of the building and it is called Piazza della Rotonda. Initially, the structure was commissioned by Marcus Agrippa and later it was rebuilt in 126 AD by Emperor Hadrian.
2. THE FORUM
This place is adjacent to the Coliseum and it used to be the very life in ancient Rome. It served as a public square, a marketplace and a gathering point. All this dates back to 500 BC. It is surrounded by several ruins of ancient government buildings. It used to be referred to as the Forum Magnum. The place was used for elections, public speeches, criminal trials and even gladiatorial matches. There are many important sites near this place that lets you imagine the life of early Romans. They are mostly ruins now, but they still help.
At the first spot is the world renowned Colosseum or Coliseum. It was originally the Flavian Amphitheatre. It happens to be the largest Amphitheatre ever built in the times of Roman Empire and is considered to be one of the greatest civil engineering feats of that time. The construction of this magnificent structure started 72 AD under Vespasian and it was completed eight years later in 80 AD under the rule of Titus. The Colosseum can entertain 50,000 spectators at the same time. It was mostly used as gladiatorial contests.