Asymptomatic or symptomless diseases are those diseases which damage our body slowly or rapidly without our knowledge. These benign diseases cause serious damage or even death without showing any visible signs of pain, agony and discomfort until it’s too late. Prevention, routine check ups in case of a family history and proper examination of ones physical and internal health by ones own self are the only ways to avoid the diseases and treat them in early stages.
10. Coeliac/Celiac Disease
Coeliac or Celiac disease is a problem with digesting gluten where gluten is a protein in foods like bread, crackers, and pasta etc. Symptoms might show, like unexplained weight loss despite having a normal appetite, fatigue, weakness and bloating. Some other symptoms might also surface which we may not be linking to the disease like infertility and miscarriage. Symptoms of the disease are not serious and can also be linked with a variety of other diseases, which can delay the initial diagnosis. It is also possible to have coeliac disease without any symptoms.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection, easily spread out because it often causes no symptoms. About 75% of infections in women and 50% in men are without symptoms. Symptoms in women include: Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor, bleeding between periods, painful periods, abdominal pain with fever, pain when having sex, itching or burning in or around the vagina and pain when urinating while in men the symptoms are: Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis, painful urination, burning and itching around the opening of the penis and pain and swelling around the testicles. For diagnosis, a sample is taken from the urethra in men or from the cervix in women using a swab. The swab is then lab tested. Other tests include a urine check for the presence of the bacteria.
Gonorrhea is a contagious disease transmitted most often through sexual contact with an infected person. The disease is also known ad Clap or Drip. The disease is common both in men and women. It is caused by a bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, that can grow and multiply easily in mucus membranes of the body. It requires warm and humid environment to grow. The cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) in women and men are the best places for the bacteria growth. The bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat, and anus. Sometimes the symptoms are so mild that they remain unnoticed. Some symptoms which might appear include: Greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina, lower abdominal or pelvic pain, burning when urinating, conjunctivitis (red, itchy eyes), bleeding between periods, spotting after intercourse, burning in the throat (due to oral sex) and Painful or swollen testicles.
Optic nerve damage is known as Glaucoma. This damage ultimately leads to loss of vision (Blindness). This can happen when extra fluid builds up in the eye, such as when the eye makes too much fluid or does not drain well. Any eye injury or surgery lapse may also cause glaucoma.Types of glaucoma are: Open Angle Glaucoma, Close Angle Glaucoma and Congenital Glaucoma. Risk for the disease starts after reaching 40 years of age. An optician cannot diagnose the disease and only an ophthalmologist or an optometrist can diagnose and treat glaucoma.
Liposarcoma is a malignant tumor that arises in fat cells in deep soft tissue, such as that inside the thigh or in the retroperitoneum. Patients usually don’t feel any symptoms until the tumor grows to a deep seated mass in their soft tissue. Symptoms of pain or functional disturbances occur once the tumor grows big enough. Retroperitoneal tumors might show signs of weight loss and emaciation and abdominal pain. Large tumors also compress the kidney or ureter leading to organ failure. The diagnosis is established by histologic examination of the tissue, i.e. biopsy.