5. North Flees North
With the landings at Incheon, the North’s forces realised that they could potentially be cut off from home if they waited around any longer. As a result, they marched north pretty much immediately, chased the entire way by the South, and crossed the 38th Parallel. In typical style, the avenging forces of the South/US/UN were far from content with having chased the communists all the way home, and tittered on an advance into foreign territory for the first time since the wars beginning. General MacArthur argued for an invasion of the North, on the grounds that they wipe out communism there for once and for all. It didn’t take long for approval to come through, and just as the north had invaded the south, the south invaded the north.
4. Mao Gets Nervous
Though the Chinese, under rule of the now infamous Chairman Mao, had supplied counsel to the north in the months leading up to their invasion of the south, no Chinese troops had yet been involved in any fighting. Soon after the Allied advance into North Korea however, this was set to change. Much of the initial fighting on the north side of the 38th Parallel took place within extremely close proximity to the Chinese border. This of course made Mao nervous, and soon Il-sung was able to convince his fellow communist leader to enter the conflict.
3. China Enters
Like most of the other events which constituted this conflict, the entrance of Chinese troops did not take long at all. With continued fighting raging on in North Western Korea just miles from the Chinese border, Mao decided not to wait long at all before dispatching forces to aid the Northern communists. Kim Il-sung was of course delighted with this decision, while I imagine the feelings of MacArthur and co to be quite the opposite. By the November of 1950, Chinese and American/southern troops were engaging with one another.
2. North Head South Again
With a new found confidence, which would presumably be felt by any army who had just enlisted the help of the Chinese, the NKA was once again primed and ready to head south- Il-sung clearly still set on his mission of total sovereignty over the peninsula. The southern Allied force once again found itself on the back-foot, and with the full weight of early 1950’s communism pressing down on them, retreated back over onto their side of the 38th Parallel. The northern/Chinese force made good ground in the opening months of 1951, however ground to a halt long before reaching as far south as Pusan.
1. Stalemate and Ceasefire
Being that the conflict was such a fast paced one, both sides soon found themselves entirely exhausted and maybe even somewhat disillusioned by the war. The prime result of such symptoms of warfare was in this case colossal stalemate, the likes of which hadn’t been seen since the First World War some 30 or 40 years before. While the war had begun as one of frantic territorial change and vast open grounded advances, it soon became bogged down and dominated by trenches and their undying monotony. Though there were some notable cases of territory changing hands once or twice, both sides became tired of their comparatively fruitless pursuit and a ceasefire was eventually agreed in the July of 1953. The ceasefire remains in place to this day, and no peace treaty has yet been drafted between the communist north and the westernised south.