Top 10 Breathtaking Natural Phenomena
Sure, the solar eclipse is cool, but so are these other displays of natural power and beauty. Some are disastrous, some are simply beautiful. All of these natural marvels are breathtaking when they happen. This list explores different kinds of natural phenomena and specific events that best exemplify them.
10. 1960 Valdivia Earthquake
An earthquake is very difficult to catch on film. Usually, we are only privy to the destruction it leaves behind. For most of us, such images are enough to appreciate the overbearing power of the earth’s platonic movements. The largest recorded earthquake in history happened in Valdivia, Chile, 1960. Registering a staggering 9.5 on the MMS (Moment Magnitude Scale), this seismic shift caused thousands of people to perish and sent tsunamis tearing across the Pacific Ocean. Furthermore, landslides were numerous, destroying houses by the thousands. This earthquake was so powerful that it actually caused an eruption of the Volcano Cordon Caulle that would last months. Luckily, this volcano iss in a mostly unpopulated area . An increase in larger, modern cities with larger buildings has led to more notorious earthquake in present days, but the earth has never shaken the same way as it did that day in Valdivia.
9. Dust (or Sand) Storms Like This One in Texas, 1935.
Droughts are the harbingers of this mythological creature that roles in from the plains and chokes towns with its sediment. Fatalities are rarer than other disastrous natural phenomena, but its appearance alone makes hearts drop and jaws open. A rolling wall of darkness consumes the world around you in a surreal haze. The ensuing effect of disorientation and inhalation has led to numerous health problems, including deaths. A dust storm happens when wind begins to reverberate against loose sediment. The particles from this sediment fly into the air and land on the ground further loosening more debris. The process continues until the sky is filled with dust, dirt and sand. While this process does happen naturally, man-made impacts on the landscape have often exasperated or caused more of these storms.
8. Light Pillars in Cold Places
The best thing about light pillars is that they can be experienced by many people. You don’t need to travel far and wide to find these illusions that are often mistook for UFOs. A light pillar is a (sometimes) natural phenomenon that takes place when light reflects off of a concentrated mass of ice particles in the air. Naturally produced light can emanate from the sun (a sun pillar) or moon (a moon pillar), but artificial sources of light such as street and house lights can also cause this display to happen. This spectacle is most likely to happen on the coldest of days. Light pillars will look different from every angle you view them, as you are seeing simply the reflection of light as it hits your eyes. From another angle, they won’t appear at all. The light pillar is a personal phenomenon experienced differently by everyone.
7. The Great Blue Hole, Belize
The Great Blue Hole in Belize took a combination of natural events to create. Firstly, it was formed like any other sink hole: limestone rock is dissolved below ground by seeping rainwater and the rise and fall of the water table. The result is a large underground cavern topped by a thin layer of soil. Eventually the ground gives way and the sinkhole begins to widen as additional erosion licks at its sides. This all happened with The Great Blue Hole, and then something else did: the water level rose. The ocean poured into and filled the hollow space with seawater, creatures, and life. It has since become known by underwater adventurers such as Jacques Cousteau as a premier location for scuba diving. This sink hole is amazing to gawk at, but many sinkholes happen in populated (even urban) areas. Houses, city streets, and sadly people have all been swallowed up by undetected sink holes.
6. April 25-28, 2011 Tornado Outbreak
Tornados rival volcanoes as the most photogenic of natural phenomena. They are highly visible, typically large in mass, and hang around while conducting their business. Tornado business is always good seasonally in Southern and Midwest America but picked up suddenly on April 25, 2011. For three days, tornadoes racked Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Virginia. Tornadoes even popped up in unlikely areas such as the Northeast. As impressive as this gallery of tornadoes was, its death toll of 348 people in the heart of America resounds in the national conscience. Even with modern technology and architecture, this storm system was responsible for the third most fatalities for a tornado outbreak in The United States of America. Tornadoes offer an up close, visceral experience—a trait that has attracted storm-chasers with cameras nationwide. They remain, however, one of the most unpredictable natural phenomena and should be respected as such.
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