Ten Geographical Wonders of the World
The world is a masterpiece of God which is packed with astonishing and inspiring wonders. Once you come across with these natural marvels, their natural beauty will take your breath away. Although, it is impossible to gather all geographical wonders in one list, somehow, I managed to compile a list of geographical wonders which I found most incredible.
10. Florida Red Tides
The red color of Florida tides are produced when marine phytoplankton algae accumulate in the water column. Certain species of this kind of algae, more correctly termed phytoplankton, contain photosynthetic pigments that vary in color from green to brown to red, and when the algae are present in high concentrations, the water appears to be colored red.
The term “Florida Red tide” is most often used to describe a phytoplankton algae increase and change the color of the sea to reddish brown hue When the density of these algae increase organisms more then tens of millions of cells per liter of seawater, then the color of the sea water changes to reddish-brown hue.
9. Columnar Basalt
Columnar Basalts are rock formations resulting from the sudden cooling of lava flow. These are formed in a random cellular network though the equally distributed sides is six, giving the hexagonal structures as it is man made Hexagonal shape. It is a dark black or grey colored rock, having silica and comparatively rich in iron and magnesium. Some basalts are crystal clear and many are very fine-grained and compact. Basaltic lavas may be soft or pumice-like. Olivine and augite are the most common minerals. In basalt 45 to 50 % silica and in remaining, Iron, alumunium, and other mineral are found.
8. Cerrado Protected Areas
Cerrado, located in Brazil, is the largest, oldest and biologically richest savanna in the world, of which less than 10% remains in a natural state. About 600 km apart in the centre of the South America continent, has permitted the survival of rare species during periods of past climatic change, and the area will be crucial in maintaining this biodiversity during upcoming climatic change. The site contains over 50 to 60% of all Cerrado plants and almost 70 to 80 % of its vertebrate species, also many rare small animals that are not found in rest of the world.
7. Puerto Prince
The Puerto Princesa is the most significant and important protected areas of the Philippines. It has a spectacular limestone t landscape with one of the most complex cave systems. It contains an 8.2 km long underground river that flow directly to the sea. The lower half of the river is brackish and due to ocean tide, water of the underground river directly flows into the sea. The crystal and egg shape rock formations, and a 20 million year old Miocene age serenia fossil in the cave increases and further adds to its scientific value. The Puerto Princesa Underground River is declared as one of the Wonders of Nature.
6. Jeju Island
The largest island in Korea, this island is the smallest province of South Korea. The island has a surface area of 1,900 sq km and has oval shape. Jeju is a volcanic island and 130 km from the southern coast of Korea. Hallasan is the tallest mountain in South Korea on Jeju island and is a dormant volcano, which rises 1,950 m above sea level. 360 satellite volcanoes are around the main volcano.
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