## 5. CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS

He is known as the ‘Prince of Mathematics’. He wrote the Disquistiones Arithmeticae while he was still twenty one year sold. While he was still attending primary school he was able to add all the numbers from 1 to 100 without any prior preparation within seconds. He contributed greatly to the number theory especially prime numbers. He was the one to introduce the Gaussian gravitational constant in Physics and he achieved all this before he turned twenty four. He was a prodigy. He died when he was 77 and till the end of his life he continued making contributions to the world of math.

## 4. EUCLID

Euclid is considered to be the father of Geometry. He lived around 300 BC. Not a lot is known about his life. He came up with many different theorems that gave birth to several other theorems that we use in modern day mathematics. He was a big influence in the development of mathematics. Elements was published by him which was in use for education purposes up till the twentieth century. It is reported that there were five other different works by him but they have sadly been lost. Those works are said to be on geometry.

## 3. ARCHIMEDES

He was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer and inventor. He lived from 287 BC to 212 BC. Not a lot is known about his life through he is regarded as one of the leading scientists. He laid down the foundations of hydrostatics and statics. He also came up with the explanation to the principle of lever. He is mostly known for Archimedes’ principle, Archimedes’ Screw, hydrostatics, lever and infinitesimals.

## 2. LEONHARD EULER

Leonhard is considered to be the King of Mathematics. He lived from 1707 to 1783. He was considered to be just as intelligent as Einstein himself. He was the one to introduced the concept of function and the way it is written; f(x). I am sure you are familiar with the Euler constant? Needless to say, it was his contribution. He also came up with many different symbols that we still use in mathematics for example he came up with the symbol to pi. He is also known to have disproved many different mathematical theories of his time coming up with his own.

## 1. ISAAC NEWTON

This guy is known to have developed the modern day calculus as we know it and you know how crucial it has been and how useful it is. Issac Newton has been noted as a genius because of something known as ‘Principia’. This is a three-book work by Issac Newton which was originally published in the year 1687. These books are where he stated the three laws of motion which formed the base for mechanics. The books also contain his notes on the law of universal gravitation and a derivation of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.