5. Sultan Ahmed Mosque/ Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey
Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey
The beautiful Mosque of Istanbul, Turkey was built in year 1616. It got it’s name “Blue Mosque” because 20,000 handmade ceramic blue tiles are used in the interior of the Mosque. The Blue Mosque was accredited by Sultan Ahmed when he was only 19 years old. The mosque’s construction began in year 1609 and completed in a time period of 7 years. The sultan died an year after the construction and is buried outside the mosque. The Mosque has a capacity of 10,000. The Mosque has lamps covered with gold and gems. This Mosque shows excellent workmanship.
4. Leshan Giant Buddha, Sichuan, China
Leshan Giant Buddha, Sichuan, China
The famous 71 meters (233 feet) tall statue is carved out of a cliff face. It shows a seated Buddha with his hands on his knees. This statue is the tallest statue of the Buddha and the shoulders are 28 meters wide. The smallest toenail can easily seat a person and the 7 meters wide ear can accommodate two people . The head of the Leshan Buddha is 14.7 meters tall and 10 meters wide and is covered with 1,021 buns of curly hair. People say:
“The mountain is a Buddha and the Buddha is a mountain”
It lies at the confluence of the Minjang, Dadu and Qingyi in city of Leshan in the Chinese province of Sichuan. The statue took 90 years to complete. It’s construction was started by a Chinese monk named Haithong in 713, hoping to calm down the turbulent water. He gouged out his own eyes to gather funding to build the structure. He thought this would express his sincerity. The work stopped with his death and was started by his disciples 70 years later. The project then was sponsored by a regional Governor. The statue finally got completed in 803. Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
3. Lighthouse of Alexandria, Island of Pharos, Alexandria, Egypt
Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt
Replica of Lighthouse of Alexandria in China
The Lighthouse of Alexandria served a practical purpose besides being a marvelous example of architectural elegance. It ensured safe return for the sailors to the Great Harbor. A mirror was mounted at the top of the lighthouse which could reflect light more than 35 miles off-shore. Scientists today are amazed by this mirror. It was one of the 7 wonders of the world. It is 393 to 450 feet tall. The amazing idea was conceived in the early 3rd century BC by the ruler Ptolemy I. It was built in 3 stages and each stage was built on the top of the lower stage. For centuries the lighthouse lit the ways of the sailors. The structure was damaged by earthquake. A scale replica of the Lighthouse of Alexandria is in the Window of the World Cultural Park in China.
2. Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan
Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan
Badshahi Mosque is a beautiful example of Islamic architecture. The Mosque was built by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Amazingly, the beautiful mosque was built in a limited time period of only two years. The construction of the mosque began in May 1671 and completed in April 1673. The mosque accommodates 10,000 worshippers in its main prayer hall. 100,000 worshipers can offer prayer in its courtyard which is the largest Mosque courtyard in the world. It remained the largest Mosque in the world from 1673 to 1986. Today, it remains the second largest after Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan.
1. Palace of Alhambra, Spain
Palace of Alhambra, Spain
Alhambra is a beautiful and astounding example of Muslim style of architecture, situated on the southeastern border of the city of Granada, Spain. The palace seems to have come straight out of a fairytale.The complete name of Alhambra is “Qal’at al-Hambra”, which means “The Red Fortress”. The beautiful Palace stands marvelously on the top of hill Al-Sabika looking over the River Darro. Mohammed ben Al-Hamar, the first king of the Nasrid dynasty ordered the construction of the Palace in 13th century as his royal residence. Alhambra was completed towards the end of Muslim rule in Spain, by Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Muhammed V, Sultan of Granada (1353-1391). The archways, courts and halls of the palace are designed beautifully. The palace stands proudly, showing the excellent workmanship of the workers and builders of the palace. The canopy of the palace is breathtakingly beautiful.