5. Star Fruit/Carambola
Star fruit also known as Carambola is a waxy yellow colored tropical fruit with a pointed shape like a star. It’s flavor is a combination of pineapple, lemon and plums. It has sugar, dietary fibers and Vitamin C and is low in fat and cholesterol. The fruit may be poisonous and can be fatal. It is grown from July to February. Acute oxalate nephropathy is caused by eating large quantity of the fruit or drinking large amount of the juice. Immediate effects are nausea,
vomiting, abdominal pain, and backache on ingesting large quantities of sour carambola juice. Death occurs with renal failure.
Potato is the most favourite vegetable among the masses, especially enjoyed by children. They can be prepared in a variety of ways. Potatoes are rich in iron, vitamin C, copper, dietary fibers and many other nutrients. They contain substances known as glycoalkaloids. Most common glycoalkaloids in potatoes are solanine and chaconine. The stem and leaves of the potato plant are highly poisonous. The green raw potato is poisonous and death can occur by eating large amount of raw potato. Potato poisoning is rare, but it does happen from time to time. The initial symptoms are weakness and confusion, followed by a coma. To avoid the poisoning, raw potato should not be eaten and potato should always be cooked properly before eating.
Toadstool Poisonous Mushroom
Mushrooms are a type of fungus. They are high in protein and dietary fiber. They can became a source of vitamin D if exposed to ultraviolet light. There are few types of mushrooms which are highly poisonous and the effects range from gastrointestinal effects to death. It is very important to correctly identify the poisonous variety of the mushroom in order to avoid the poisoning. Some very expert mushroom collectors have suffered from mushroom poisoning. 32 species of mushrooms cause fatality and 52 have high poison content. It is very important to eat mushroom only if it is from a very reliable collector. Few features which can help in distinguishing the poisonous ones from the non poisonous ones are that they have flat top, red or pink gills which stay on the top and no bumps.
2. Castor Seeds and Castor Oil
Castor Bean Seeds
Castor bean seed oil is used in candies and chocolates and to treat stomach aches. Castor oil is carefully prepared because castor bean seed is lethally poisonous and only one raw seed is enough to kill a human being and 4 seeds kill a horse. On exposure to the skin, it causes skin allergies and reactions. Castor beans contains a toxic protein called ricin. This toxin is released when the bean is chewed, mashed, or finely ground. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention severe symptoms occur within 12 hours of ingesting castor beans, with deadly symptoms surfacing in one to three days. If the beans cause organ damage, then the damage is perpetual. The organs like kidney, lungs and liver are mostly effected and may never function normally. Life long breathing issues are faced by the patients.
1. Fugu Fish/Puffer Fish
Fugu /Puffer Fish
Fugu, the Japanese word for Pufferfish is a Japanese dish made from Pufferfish. The fish is lethal if not cooked properly. Tetrodotoxin is a lethal poison found in huge amounts in the liver, ovaries, skin and other organs of the fish. Pufferfish eats things which create this deadly poison in the body of the fish. The poison shuts down the nervous system and paralyzes the body muscles. Till date, there is no known antidote. The symptoms include severe nausea, loss of balance and dizziness, exhaustion, headache and difficulty to breath. 50-80% victims die within four to 24 hours.